Wikinews’ overview of the year 2008

Wednesday, December 31, 2008

Also try the 2008 World News Quiz of the year.

What would you tell your grandchildren about 2008 if they asked you about it in, let’s say, 20 years’ time? If the answer to a quiz question was 2008, what would the question be? The year that markets collapsed, or perhaps the year that Obama became US president? Or the year Heath Ledger died?

Let’s take a look at some of the important stories of 2008. Links to the original Wikinews articles are in all the titles.

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Efficient And Highly Professional Office Cleaning Task}

Efficient and highly-professional office cleaning task

by

Monika ZuzanskaIf you have your own business and you run an office where you have a team of workers you must accept the advanced cleaning methods as the maintenance purpose. Office maintenance is a useful and effective task; every business owner needs. You have to employ an efficient team that will care your place with much care and dedication. And only a professional company can do this job with that much care and dedication. Thus, when you want a great cleaning effect in your office you have to hire a professional office cleaning company that is reputed and trustworthy. Professional house cleaning companies are today’s need when you want to keep your place stunning and hygienic. Residential cleaning services have a wide variety of cleaning methods for the job. Whether it is a living residence or it is an office setting, a clean environment is the source of happiness and hygiene. When you maintain a regular maintenance at the workplace you are very near to the successful outcomes. When your employees get a healthy work atmosphere it must increase their work efficiency. An efficient working team is the only reason for your business improvement. Thus, it is one of the most vital responsibilities to create a healthy atmosphere at a workplace. A professional team can do the best and efficient office cleaning task leaves a long-lasting effect that is good for the employees. When you need to hire a team you must be careful enough in the choice as there are many unskilled and insincere agencies in the market and you have evil experiences with such agencies. They are dishonest and they are not aware of your health. But in all respect, you should consider this issue. You must need an honest agency that will care about your health. Using harmful chemicals is an offense as these harm your health badly. These chemicals have some acrid smell and it is not good to smell. Asthma, breathing troubles, allergy, and headache are some troubles when you spend a long time in this evil smell. A reputed House Cleaning Long Beach never uses such destroying chemicals thinking of your health and hygiene. When you choose a company you must judge its competence and experience. You need a trained team always. Like any other subjects, this field is developing day by day and one should provide the advanced formulas and plans for a great cleaning task. A company is said to be good when it has enough skill and dedication and has a trained team for a professional work. When you choose a highly professional Office Cleaning Long Beach you can easily maintain the professionalism of your office by presenting the most beautiful place to your employees. When a professional team is employed they maintain the honesty, friendliness, and professionalism as well that you and your house members stay comfortable with the cleaners. The best company always uses green cleaning items and these are nature-friendly and safe for your health and the pets also. The aim of an efficient company is to satisfy you with the standard-quality service and the budget. Thus, you will create a superior impression on your employees and clients when you have an attractive office environment which is clean and disinfected.

Monika Zuzanska offers the best

Office Cleaning Long Beach

suitable for offices of any size. He provides the most efficient

House Cleaning Long Beach

at affordable costs.

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India discontinues ?500, ?1000 denominations; releases ?2000 and new ?500 bills

Monday, November 14, 2016

On Wednesday, India demonetised ?500 (about US$7.50) and ?1000 notes, announced as a measure to fight corruption, fake notes, and black money. Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed the Indian citizens late Tuesday, and said 500 and 1000 rupee notes would cease to be legal tender at midnight.

To minimise possible difficulties to citizens, transactions using old 500 and 1000 rupee notes were accepted at government hospitals, railway ticket bookings, government buses, and airports. The notes were also accepted at public-sector petrol-pumps, government-authorised consumer co-operative stores, milk booths authorised by State governments, and cremation grounds till Friday midnight. These shops were obliged to have a record of their stocks and sales.

In his announcement, Modi said, “For your immediate needs, you can go to any bank, head post office or sub post office, show your identity proof like Aadhar card, voter’s card, ration card, passport, income tax PAN card number or other approved proofs and exchange your old 500 or thousand rupee notes for new notes.” ((hi))Hindi language: ??????? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ?? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ?? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ????, ???? ??, ???? ?????, ?????? ?????, ???? ?????, ????????, ???? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ??? ???? ?? ??? ??? ???? ???

Modi also announced those who failed to change their currency till December 30 can exchange the notes at Reserve Bank of India (RBI)’s office along with a declaration form till March 31. The notes can be exchanged till December 30 at any branch of any bank across India.

By Saturday, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley said demonetised money equivalent to almost US$30 billion was deposited in banks across India. According to estimate, the old notes accounted for 85% of the total money in circulation. New 500 rupee and 2000 rupee notes are to be issued. Modi said RBI would exercise caution from past experience and limit the circulation of large-value notes.

International tourists could purchase up to 5000 rupees using the old notes at airport exchanges till Friday.

A limit was imposed on cash withdrawal; a maximum of 10000 rupees each day, and 20000 rupees each week, can be withdrawn. Moreover, from Thursday (November 10) till November 24, 4000 rupees can be exchanged in the banks and post offices. The amount is credited to the bank account.

Government workers were informed about demonetising when the announcement was made. Modi announced all banks would remain closed for public work on Wednesday.

In the United States, Donald Trump won the 2016 presidential election on Tuesday, immediately after which stock markets dropped globally. Following the US election and demonetising the money, the Indian stock market fell by 1700 points on Wednesday. Sensex lost 1,688.69 points and Nifty lost 111.55 points on the same day. Indian technology sector companies experienced loss. TCS suffered 4.93% loss and Infosys lost 2.74%.

The Indian rupee is also used in the neighbouring countries of Bhutan and Nepal. The border area uses Indian currency for day-to-day transactions. The Royal Monetary Authority of Bhutan (RMA) has announced the exchange of old notes will be facilitated till December 15. RMA governor Dasho Penjore informed Indian news site The Wire, “We do not know exactly how much Indian currency of Rs 500 and Rs 1,000 is in circulation in Bhutan. We will get a better idea after the deadline to deposit their amount”. RMA has 30% of its international exchange reserve in Indian rupees. Nepal Rastra Bank directed all Nepali banks to stop conducting transactions using the Indian rupee.

On Thursday, there were long queues in front of ATMs and banks to exchange the old notes and withdraw money. BBC reported some banks ran out of cash. Police were called to some banks to maintain discipline. Banks were open on Saturday and Sunday for money exchange.

Shops did not accept the old 500 and 1000 rupee notes. Some emphasised cash-less transaction as well. BBC reported some traders and small business owners in Delhi threatened to call a strike as this move affected their business.

eRetail websites like Amazon and Flipkart announced they would not accept the old 500 and 1000 rupee notes on Cash on Delivery orders. Amazon also announced 15% discount on gift cards worth 500 or 1000 rupees.

The government ceased all transactions using the old 500 and 1000 rupee notes before Saturday. But a Wikinews correspondent noticed a jeweler shop accepting the demonetised notes on Saturday. When questioned, the jeweler said they were accepting the old notes only on purchase. When the correspondent, who did not identify as a reporter to the shop owners, said the old 500 and 1000 rupee notes were not legal money, they said they will exchange the notes in a bank since there were 50 days to exchange with a new and legal tender. They refused to exchange old 500 rupee notes with change, asserting the customer needs to buy merchandise from their shop.

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Asian countries call for global currency

Monday, April 6, 2009

Leaders and central banks in Russia, China, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, and Kazakhstan have called for an international currency system.

Speaking on April 1 in advance of the G-20 summit in London, Russian president Dmitry Medvedev argued that the international finance system needed a “new construction” including “new currency systems”, saying that such a new system could be the purpose of a revamped IMF and World Bank. The IMF was originally founded in 1946 as the overseer of the Bretton Woods system, which from its founding until the 1970s tied the western world’s currencies to the US Dollar, which was in turn backed by gold. Russia’s proposal was for the new currency to serve as a reserve currency, one which would take the place of the dollar, euro, and other heavily-traded currencies as an international standard of exchange.

Medvedev’s comments are a reversal of Russian position from a lukewarm response following a looser outline for a worldwide currency by Kazakhstani president Nursultan Nazarbayev. On March 11, Nazarbayev suggested the establishment of the “acmetal”, a portmanteau of “acme” and “capital“, as a reserve currency replacing the ruble in international transactions, first for Central Asia and then worldwide. 1999 Economics Nobel laureate Robert Mundell, speaking to the Daily Telegraph, endorsed the idea, saying “It would be a very good idea if the G-20 took that idea up in London”.

2001 Nobel economics prize winner Joseph Stiglitz, meanwhile, said the new currency could come about quickly if it was based on an expansion of the IMF’s already established system of Special Drawing Rights, units of exchange used by the IMF which already have some of the features of currency. Stiglitz argued that, as the US dollar has become the standard global reserve currency, it has inadvertently created a system which hurts the world economy. “It’s a net transfer, in a sense, to the United States of foreign aid,” he argued, reasoning that when other countries purchase US dollars in order to use them on international markets (such as for the buying and selling of petroleum), they effectively give the US a zero-interest loan — sometimes at times when they can least afford it. Stiglitz made his comments as head of a United Nations panel of economists giving recommendations to address the global financial crisis.

In the weeks leading up to the G-20 conference, the People’s Republic of China also began discussing a new system for reserve currencies. In a March 23 speech, Zhou Xiaochuan, governor of the People’s Bank of China, endorsed a new reserve currency, saying “the desirable goal of reforming the international monetary system, therefore, is to create an international reserve currency that is disconnected from individual nations and is able to remain stable in the long run, thus removing the inherent deficiencies caused by using credit-based national currencies.” Zhou went on to endorse the expansion of the SDR system in the long-term creation of a reserve currency government by the IMF. While Zhou did not mention the US dollar specifically, analysis by Qu Hongbin, chief China economist for HSBC, for the Financial Times said that the speech “is a clear sign that China, as the largest holder of US dollar financial assets, is concerned about the potential inflationary risk of the US Federal Reserve printing money”.

China holds $740 billion as assets; inflation in the US economy, which has been low in recent years, would directly cause those assets to lose value.

While the Chinese government has engaged in currency swaps with several other growing economies, such as South Korea, Argentina, Malaysia and Indonesia, the Chinese Yuan cannot be used itself as a reserve currency as it cannot be freely traded on the global market.

The Chinese-Russian proposal was not entered onto the agenda at the G-20 meeting itself. Nonetheless, British Prime Minister Gordon Brown said that the G-20 was open to considering the proposal if and when a detailed one is presented. United States President Barack Obama, meanwhile, endorsed the continuation of dollar supremacy, saying that the US dollar is “extraordinarily strong” and arguing that its strength was the result of the intrinsic stability of the United States economic and political system; US treasury secretary Timothy Geithner had, the week before, made comments that while he supported an expansion in the SDR mechanism he rejected the idea of a global currency. Rather than change the role of SDRs, the G-20 meeting instead added $250 billion in support to the fund backing SDRs.

After the G-20 conference ended on Thursday, Malaysia’s The Star BizWeek reported that the central banks of Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand had endorsed the Chinese proposal. All three countries have close economic ties with China and suffered heavily from the collapse of their currencies in the 1997 Asian Financial Crisis; the sudden growth in the value of the US dollar relative to those countries’ native currencies sharply increased debt in Southeast Asia’s economies, leading to a wave of bankruptcies.

International reaction from other economies has been mixed and guarded. Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, President of Brazil, said that the currency proposal was important to discuss but did not give extensive comment. And while UPI reports that India supported the SDR proposal at the G-20 conference, the Indian Press Trust quotes Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh as saying last month, “It is too early to talk about common currency.”

Calls for an independent global reserve currency are not new. In 1944, John Maynard Keynes proposed the “bancor“, a unit like the SDR supported by a basket of commodities. Keynes’ idea was rejected and the US dollar took the equivalent role under the Bretton Woods system. Keynes proposed that the bancor system would be reinforced by a tax on participating countries’ current accounts, the difference between their exports and their imports, in order to encourage balanced trade. Meanwhile, monetary unions have become more popular since the end of the gold standard, with most of the European Union now trading the euro, and several countries outside the EU using it as a de facto currency; five West African countries adopting the eco at the end of this year; and the African Union planning to introduce the afro in 2028. Proposals for a North American currency union based around the so-called “amero” have been frequently discussed as the focus of conspiracy theories in the United States, but none of the US, Canada or Mexico have actively pursued the establishment of any such monetary union, however the dollar is the currency of several Latin American countries.

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Best 6 Tiger Safari Destinations In India}

Best 6 Tiger Safari Destinations in India

by

KunalAre you hunting for an amazing place to enjoy tiger safari in India with your family & friends? From amazing focuses on old remnants to strolling safaris, India is a noteworthy area for recognizing these jeopardized species. Go to India, where half of the world’s continuing wild tiger populace meanders. India’s 1,450 wild feline families is spread more than 40+ national stops the country over. To help in the chances of detecting a tiger in India, bookmysafari.com-one of the top Wildlife Tour Operators in India decreased down your decisions to 6 best tiger safari goals in India where there is more plausibility for you’ll to take a few to get back some composure of good locating. 1. Bandhavgarh National ParkOne of the popular natural life asylums arranged in Madhya Pradesh, Bandhavgarh National Park has the most astounding centralization of tigers in the district. When you book bandhavgarh tour packages, you can investigate the rich natural life of the recreation center that is spread more than 100 square kilometers and is a home more than 55 tigers. Some different types of creatures in Bandhavgarh national park incorporate chital deer, sambar deer, wild pig, four-horned eland, buffalo, panther, nilgai, fox and bear. You can pick a scope of redid bandhavgarh tour packages from untamed life tour administrators, for example, bookmysafari.com. 2. Gir national parkOne of the India’s most established asylums, Gir national park is commensurate with the lofty Asiatic lions. The recreation center envelops 1412 sq. km of deciduous wilderness combined with semi-evergreen and differing greenery, acacia (vast family of bushes and trees), clean woods, prairies and shake strewn slopes. Nourished by changeless and cyclic waterways and streams, Gir national park has tremendous water bodies like the Kamleshwar Dam which is useful for swamp crocodiles, reptiles and additionally winged creatures. 3. Kanha national parkKnown as the Largest National Park in Madhya Pradesh, Kanha national park has vast open green glades where probabilities of spotting uncommon untamed life species, for example, tigers are high. Kanha National Park is likewise home hard-ground barasingha, a types of deer just found here and is very nearly elimination. When you book a bundle from best Wildlife Tour Operators in India, you can appreciate locating of different wild creatures that incorporates panther, langur, mouse deer, chital, sambar, chinkara, wild pig, gaur, three-striped palm squirrel, jackal, dark buck, porcupine, striped hyena, and subterranean insect eating pangolin. 4. Pench national parkSituated in the southern area of the Satpura extend, Pench national park is distanced by stream Pench into very nearly two comparable parts. Pench national park protects more than 285 occupant and transitory winged animals. The recreation center with its grand tigers and a considerable amount of different creatures and fowls, will restore the fervor you used to have, while watching Mowgli battle with Sher Khan. 5. Ranthambore national parkWhen you run over a photo of a tiger in India, it is as a rule taken at Ranthambore National Park. One of India’s greatest national parks at 1,334sq.km, and maybe its most celebrated around the world, Ranthambore National Park is a most loved goal for natural life picture takers. When you do booking at ranthambore safari, you will investigate the most consideration snatching components of the recreation center which incorporates antiquated vestiges, a stronghold where tigers and panthers are regularly specked. The recreation center is home to tigers, wilderness felines, panthers, sloth bears, hyenas, jackals and different reptiles, for example, crocodiles. This is the reason ranthambore safari booking is an absolute necessity to experience untamed life in its most genuine frame. 6. Tadoba national parkArranged in Chandrapur locale of Maharashtra, Tadoba national park is extended over a place that is known for around 625 sq km. The best time to spot tigers in Tadoba national park is amid the mid year, when they go through their time in Tadoba Lake and waterholes, for example, Pandharpauni and Panchadhara. The other truth that makes Tadoba an extraordinary place for tiger safari in India is that there is no such principle territory that is left unopened for guests. Henceforth, you have best would like to spot natural life. In the event that you hoping to investigate natural life in universal goals, then you can book masai mara safari packages. You can appreciate moderate beautiful and african natural life treat with masai mara safari packages. There are numerous masai mara tour operators in India, for example, bookmysafari.com that will take you to investigate uncovered savannahs and rich riverside forests in south-western Kenya. These masai mara tour operators in India are pressed with untamed life, for example, topis, warthogs, wildebeest, hartebeest, mandrills, giraffe, bat eared foxes, dark jackals, spotted hyena and impala.Visit – http://book-my-safari.com/Blogger. Traveller. PhotographerLove to travel around world

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High percentage of US patients on placebos without knowing it

Friday, January 4, 2008

A new study amongst doctors in the United States on the use of placebos—pills with no medical effect—shows that almost half of the questioned practitioners prescribe placebos, most of them within the last year.

The majority of 466 faculty physicians at Chicago-area medical schools interviewed by a research group of the University of Chicago stated that placebos are useful to calm a patient down or to respond to demands for medication that the doctor disagrees with, i.e. “to get the patient to stop complaining”.

96 percent of the physicians surveyed believe that placebos can have therapeutic effects. Close to 40 percent stated that placebos could benefit patents physiologically as well as mentally.

Twelve percent of surveyed physicians think that placebos should be banned from clinical practice. Among the doctors who prescribed them, one in five said they outright lied to patients by claiming a placebo was medication. But more often the physicians came up with ways to explain like that “this may help you but I’m not sure how it works.”

The American Medical Association (AMA), the largest association of U.S. doctors and medical students, tells its members that “[p]hysicians may use placebos for diagnosis or treatment only if the patient is informed of and agrees to its use.” The research, published in Journal of General Internal Medicine this week, is the first major U.S. study of doctors on the use of placebos since 1979.

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Wikinews interviews Finnish ‘Rock ‘N’ Troll’ band Kivimetsän Druidi

Wednesday, June 18, 2008

Kivimetsän Druidi? is a Finnish female-fronted band formed in 2002 whose music is a fusion of symphonic, fantasy and folk metal, which the band’s website dubs ‘Rock ‘N’ Troll’.

Brothers Joni and Antti Koskinen formed the band in Kouvola with Joni playing guitar and growling while Antti played keyboard and sings backing vocals. They joined up with a female lead vocalist, lead and bass guitarists and a drummer. The brothers write the songs between them, with Antti doing the main body and Joni writing the lyrics.

Together the band recorded and released three demos and an EP, all released independently, across 2002-6. Across October and November 2007 they gained international attention by supporting well-known Finnish folk metal band Korpiklaani across a large European tour.

On June 6 this year Kivimetsän Druidi? was announced to have been signed to Century Media Records in a global deal. The band have now entered Noice Camp studio in Turku to record their debut, with a planned release date in October. This summer the only performances will be at a handful of festivals while the band works on their new album, but after that is released a major tour will follow to support it. The band say they are “extremely pleased” with the deal.

Wikinews was able to discuss these events and what the future holds for the band with the Koskinen brothers and female vocalist Leeni-Maria Hovila, who also writes the vocal melodies in an exclusive interview, which is published below for the first time.

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Easy Tips For A More Handsome Manhood}

Easy Tips for a More Handsome Manhood

by

John Dugan

When a man is thinking about getting to know a new partner, he certainly starts to worry about how his member might look. After all, a handsome manhood is one of the things a man wants to showcase for his new love and he wants to hear his new partner say how handsome it really is! To that end, a guy will look for new member care regimens that might take his look up a notch. But its important to remember not to overdo it in the search for a handsome manhood, as too much attention to the member could actually backfire and result in dryness or an itchy male organ at the most inopportune moment.

The best approach for a handsome manhood

Men who are incredibly eager to make their best first impression on a new partner in bed might try all sorts of things to make their member look a bit better. To be started, its important to recognize what others find most handsome in a member and no, its not the size.

When someone is asked to define what makes a handsome manhood, they will usually say it has a lot to do with how well a man takes care of himself. To that end, women love a man who doesnt have a lot of bushy hair around his equipment, as well as a guy who obviously moisturizes to keep the skin looking supple and smooth. They also like to see a uniform color, though no one objects to a few interesting beauty spots here and there!

Getting a handsome look

Now that its clear what women want, heres how to get it:

1.Manscape. Get rid of that bush by using a pair of sharp scissors to trim down the longer hairs, then a sharp trimmer or razor to cut the shorter hairs down even further. Its not necessary to shave (though some men certainly do), but a simple trim will go a long way toward showcasing the goods.

2.Exfoliate. Using a very gentle washcloth and a mild cleanser to scrub away at the member and surrounding area is a great way to carefully get rid of all those dead and dull skin cells. This will make the skin brighter and healthier, as well as give a man more of a uniform look.

3.Watch out for overall health. A man can do all sorts of things to help his member look better, but if his overall health is lacking, his efforts might be all for naught. Its important to eat right, exercise, stop smoking, dont drink to excess, get enough sleep, and otherwise take care of himself for a better look all over, not just for the member.

4.Exercise it. An active member tends to be a healthier member, so the occasional self-pleasuring session is a great way to get the blood flowing and keep the manhood happy. Self-gratification comes with the added bonus of making that handsome manhood last longer in the bedroom when its time to really get to know a new partner.

5.Moisturize. Men who are serious about the most handsome manhood possible will reach for a specially formulated member health crme (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin). This crme should contain ingredients that are great for the skin, such as vitamin A for odor control, vitamin C to plump up the skin cells and vitamin E for smooth, supple skin. Shea butter can also go a long way toward preventing the itchy male organ that can occur if a man goes overboard with the cleaning in an effort to create a more handsome member.

Visit http://www.menshealthfirst.com for additional information on most common member health issues, tips on improving male organ sensitivity and what to do to maintain a healthy manhood. John Dugan is a professional writer who specializes in men’s health issues and is an ongoing contributing writer to numerous websites.

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Wikinews interviews candidate for New York City mayor Vitaly Filipchenko

Wednesday, June 16, 2021

In early May, Wikinews extended an invitation to Vitaly Filipchenko, an independent candidate in the 2021 New York City mayoral election, set to take place November 2nd, alongside other candidates. Filipchenko answered some questions about his policies and campaign during a phone interview.

Filipchenko, registered on the New York City Campaign Finance Board as Vitaly A. Filipchenko, is the first Russian candidate for New York City mayor, being born in Tomsk, Siberia in 1973, according to news agency Sputnik. He has since naturalised as a United States citizen. According to the web site, Filipchenko has been educated in road construction and maintenance and owns a moving services company; he describes himself on his web site as a “small business owner”. On his web site’s platform page, he says that “[m]y English may not be perfect – but my platform is.”

Incumbent Democrat mayor Bill de Blasio, who won re-election in the 2017 New York City mayoral election by 66.5%, cannot run for a third term under term limits. As of April 28, 22 candidates are currently running, the majority of whom are also Democrats. Ahead of the June Democratic primary for New York City mayor, a poll conducted May 23 and 24 by WPIX and Emerson College of 12 Democratic candidates with a margin of error of 3.2 per cent has former commissioner for the New York City Department of Sanitation Kathryn Garcia and Borough President of Brooklyn Eric Adams leading with 21.1% and 20.1%, respectively.

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